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North East India

Incredible North East India

Northeast India, the paradise of hills, mountains, lush green vegetation, and the region of the Mighty Brahmaputra is among the least explored regions in the country. Situated amidst the Eastern Himalaya, Patkai, the Brahmaputra and Barak valley plains, the beauty of the Northeastern states is unparalleled. The mesmerizing sceneries coupled with incredible things to explore, northeast is undoubtedly one of the promising holiday destinations.
Northeast India comprises all the sates in the easternmost region of India i.e., Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, and Sikkim. The first seven states are collectively known as the seven sisters. The region shares an international border of about 5,182 kilometers with several neighboring countries namely, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.
The earliest settlers are believed to be from Southeast Asia, followed by Tibeto-Burmese from China and Indo-Aryans speakers from Gangetic Plains. In the early historical period, most of the present-day Northeast belonged to the Kamarupa Kingdom. The northeastern states were established during the British Raj in the 19th and early 20th centuries. After Independence, the Northeastern region consisted of Assam and the princely states of Manipur and Tripura. Subsequently, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Mizoram were formed out of the large territory of Assam.
The northeastern region has some of the Indian subcontinent’s last surviving rainforests. The third highest mountain peak in the world Kangchenjunga lies in the Northeast. Northeast is home to the world’s largest and smallest river islands Majuli and Umananda, respectively. The state of Arunachal is home to India’s largest monastery. The longest bridge in India (Dhola-Sadiya Bridge) is located in India connecting Assam and Arunachal. Manipur is home to the only floating lake in the world. Muga Silk (Golden Silk) is exclusively produced in the state of Assam.
Northeast is blessed with a rich culture and heritage. All the states have unique cuisines of their own. The Satriya dance from Assam and the Manipuri dance are classified under classical dances of India. Besides these, all the states have their folk dances and music. Bihu, Saga Dawa, Losar, Anthurium, Moatsu Mong are some of the important festivals. The tribal heritage of the region is popular for the practice of hunting, land cultivation, and indigenous crafts. Their rich culture is evident in traditional attires.
The best time to visit the northeast is between October to Mid May. If you are visiting the northeast, you should try to add the following to your to-do list. Meet the one-horned rhino in Kaziranga and head to the river island Majuli. A visit to the mesmerizing tea gardens of Assam is also a must. Enjoy the breathtaking view of the Himalayas at Tawang and visit the largest Buddhist Monastery.
In Meghalaya, visit the tallest plunge waterfalls- Nohkalikai waterfalls, the cleanest village in Asia, and the only living root bridge in the world. The state of Sikkim has a lot to offer like river rafting, trekking, Gurudongmar lake, Cable Car ride, a walk down history through the Nathu La Pass.

Best Time to Visit North East India

Northeast India is flocked by tourists throughout the year. The sub-tropical climate keeps the region almost bearable in every season with each season adding its own unique beauty to it. Though many have different opinions about the best time to visit North East India, we have more elaborately described the same below:

In Summer
The summer season from March to May is quite a bearable North East India region as the temperature does not soar much high. However, the humid weather can be a little disturbing for it makes you sweat a lot. Nevertheless, it is one of the best times to visit the northeast. Some states witness abundant rainfall even in summers like Assam and Sikkim that keep the temperature in control. The lush green vegetation becomes become alive like never before during summer.
MaximumTemperature : The maximum temperature in the region generally extends to around 39 degrees Celsius. Despite such high temperature, there are certain places like Nagaland, Arunachal, Sikkim, Meghalaya that still enjoy a cold breezy weather to beat the summer.
Minimum Temperature : The minimum temperature in the northeast during summer revolves around 20 degrees Celsius, with a high level of humidity.

In Monsoon
Monsoon starts from June (sometimes late May) in the northeast and lasts till September. Though monsoon slightly differs in all the northeastern states, it is between June to August that the region receives the highest rainfall. During this period, it is advised not to travel to the northeast. The heavy downpour results in floods and affects the communication system. Traveling around the cities become difficult. The humidity is also higher during monsoon. The place also experiences a lot of landslides during monsoon. However, the monsoon offers breathtaking views of the waterfalls as they are poured with full flow of water from the mountains.
MaximumTemperature : The average maximum temperature ranges to 34 degree Celsius.
MinimumTemperature : Minimum temperature is 28 degrees Celsius.

In Winter
Winter season is generally considered the best time to visit northeast that starts in around Oct and lasts till early March. Winter season experience very little rainfall. Snowfalls and rivers are the best scenes during winters. Rivers get beamed with crystal clear water. The state of Sikkim witnesses snowfall during this period. There is also a place named Myodia in Arunachal that experience snowfall. Nagaland witnessed snowfall after 37 years in 2019.
The mountains in the Himalayan states like Arunachal and Sikkim get covered in white snows offering a breathtaking view to the eyes. Tawang, a town in Arunachal is nothing less than heaven during winters. It snows every year from December to January.
MaximumTemperature : The maximum temperature is around 11 degrees Celsius.
MinimumTemperature : The minimum is 6 degrees Celsius. While certain parts of the reason experience even zero degree Celsius and below that.

Culture of North East India

Northeast, besides being a place of breathtaking landscapes, is a place rich in culture and heritage. In this blog, we have elaborated the rich culture of northeast.

1. History
Kamarupa was the first kingdom ruling over the northeast that existed from 350 CE to 1140 CE before getting dethroned by the Ahom Kingdom. During the early 19th century, the Ahom Kingdom got defeated in Burmese invasions as a result of which the Ahom Kingdom fell under the control of Burma. During the late 19th century, the British invaded Burma and ruled till independence. In 1944, Northeast fell prey to Japanese attacks during world war II. But British and Indian soldiers successfully fought the Japanese troops. In 1962, the northeast region faced political pressures and war attacks from China in an attempt to claim Arunachal as South Tibet. The seven sisters’ states were inaugurated in 1972. Sikkim became a part of the northeast in 2002.

2. People
Most of the ethnic groups of the hilly regions have their origins in Myanmar, China, and Thailand who were also the earliest settlers. The plain area consisted of people from the Ahom kingdom. According to the 2001 Census, a total of 38 million people has been recorded. Around 160 Scheduled Tribes have been listed in the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

3. Language
In the Indian subcontinent, Northeast constitutes about 220 languages. Assamese is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken mostly in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam and is the mother tongue of many communities. Other languages such as Nagamese and Nefamese are Assamese-based pidgin spoken in Nagaland and Arunachal respectively. Khasi, Jaintia, and War the language of the Austro-Asiatic family. Some Tai–Kadai languages include Ahom, Tai Phake, Khamti, etc. Other languages that have origins in the Sino-Tibetan region are Bodo, Deori, Missing, Rabha, Karbi, Tiwa, Bite Garo, Hajong, Angami, Lotha, Mizo, Chakma Tanee, Nisi, Adi, Abor, Apatani, Misumi, etc. Bengali is also widely spoken in lower Assam and Tripura as the majority constitutes illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. Nepali is widely spoken in Sikkim.
Official languages
Many languages of the northeast are recognized as official languages of the country. Assamese is an official language spoken in Assam and Arunachal. Bodo is another official language of Assam. Manipuri language Meitei is the official language in Manipur. Nepali is another official language spoken by the majority in Sikkim. Santali is also spoken in many parts of Assam, Mizoram, and Tripura.

4. Literature
The heritage of folktales is quite popular in the northeast that tells the story of the origin, rituals, and beliefs of different communities. Assam and Manipur have ancient written texts to their legacy. These states find mentions in the great Hindu epic Mahabharata as well. The region has also witnessed the rise of modern literature in the 20th century. Most of the writers in the region write both in their mother-tongue and English mostly about the region’s folklore, insurgency operations, Battles of the northeast, and many more. Two authors from northeast Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya and Mamoni Raisom Goswami have won the highest literary award in India.

5. Facts
Many interesting facts surround the northeast region. The sun rises first in a valley in Arunachal in India. Assam is home to the world’s largest weaving village. Around 70% of Northeast’s terrains are covered by hills. India’s first and oldest oil refinery is in Digboi, Assam. Around 70% of the orchid species of India are found in the northeast. The northeast is the only region in India, which the Mughals fail to occupy.

6. Religion
Northeast is home to people of diverse religions. In the state of Assam Hindu, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs reside with the majority being Hindu. However, Lower Assam has a Muslim majority because of a heavy illegal influx of Bangladeshi migrants. Hindu ethnic groups consist of Assamese, Koch, Rabha, Dimasas, Ahom, Suriya, Meitei, etc. Buddhist groups are mainly migrants from Tibetans, Tamang, etc. Christian ethnic tribes include Garos, Mizos, Nagas, etc.

7. Occupation
Agriculture and weaving are the two major occupations of the northeastern people. People indulge in rice and pulses cultivation along with minor and major crops. Tea farming in Assam is one of the main sources of livelihood of people with a vast number of people employed in tea estates. Other major works include traditional handicrafts, wood carvings, handlooms. Silk Muga handlooms in Assam are exclusive in the country. A major section is also employed in the oil and gas industry due to its presence in most of the region.

8. Lifestyle
Though the seven states are interdependent, their lifestyle differs widely based on region, caste, and tribe.The people in Hilly regions lead a simple lifestyle full of hardships for daily living. The tourism sector helps a lot in their livelihood. Hunting and fishing are the prime occupations in such areas. Agriculture is an important part of the northeastern lifestyle. Most people believe in living a simple lifestyle with high values and morals. They are very warm and loving. Both women and men enjoy equal opportunities and status. The concept of dowry is not prevalent in any of the communities of the region.

9. Cuisines
Northeast is popular for its various indigenous and ethnic cuisines of all the states. The cuisines are rich in naturally grown ingredients and herbs. The foods are less spicy and mostly prepared in boiled form. Non-vegetarian meals are consumed in the highest numbers. Some of the popular must try cuisines are momo, Eromba, shaphaley, fish Tenga, duck meat, fish stew, roast pork, bamboo shoot, Peetha, Teel Ladu, etc. Drinks of the region mostly include different variants of black tea, purple tea, golden tea, green tea, etc. Naturally prepared rice beers that go by the name xaaj, Sai mod, Rohi are highly consumed during occasions.

10. Festivals and Fairs
Northeast has been hosting several fairs and festivals for decades. Some traditional festivals that are hosted annually are BihuFestival, Nongkrem Dance Festival, Chapchar Kut, Wangala Festival, Kang China, etc. Bihu is an important festival of Assam. BohagBihu is the most popular one celebrated in Assam. Different parts of the region celebrate this festival with much zeal and enthusiasm. Nongkrem dance festival is the way of celebrating the harvest by the Khasi tribe of the region. Chapchar puja is a festival celebrated in Mizoram in March. There are several music festivals such as NH 7 weekender, Ziro festival, etc are hosted every year. Northeast book fair is held every year in Assam. Film festivals are also an important part of Northeast’s fairs and festivals. The state of Sikkim hosts an international flower show every year.

11. Music and Dance
Northeast is home to different genres of music. Each state has its own folk music and dance. Each community of a state has its own rich heritage of folk music and dance. Northeast has produced plenty of talented musicians, singers, and dancers. are plentifully found in this part of the country. Some of the popular dance forms of the northeast are Bihu, Naga dance, Hajgiri, Nongkrem, Thang-ta and Dhoni Sholom, etc. Some of the folk songs of the region are Bihu, Luko Geet, Tokari, Borgeet, Nongthang Leima, O Rose, etc. The popular dance form Sattriya from Assam and Manipuri dance is classified under the list of classical dances of India.

12. Arts and Crafts
The tradition of art and craft culture is quite rich in the region with every state having its unique craftsmanship qualities. Arunachal and Mizoram’s craftsmanship abilities are evident from astonishing carpet making, cane crafts, masks, painted wood vessels, bamboo and, weaving, woodcarvings, hand made pottery, brass cutting, silver works, etc. Assam is dominant in agriculture coupled with handloom weaving, cane and bamboo works, etc. Besides other woodworks, Meghalaya’s specialties include crafting musical instruments. For the rest of the states, weaving and wooden works are a specialty including jewelry and ornaments crafting, hunting, etc.

13. Wildlife
Northeast is home to numerous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries blessed with exotic species of flora and fauna. Arunachal Pradesh is home to the third national park in India – Namdapha National Park popular for its endemic Namdapha flying squirrel. The one-horned rhino in Kaziranga, Assam is another exotic and endangered wildlife animal. Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur is the world’s only floating national park with the only natural habitat of the dancing deer, Sangai. Sirohi National Park in Manipur is home to the beautiful terrestrial lily, Shirui lily found nowhere else in the world. Manas National Park in Assam is a project tiger and elephant reserve added in the UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site. The entire northeast region is home to around 22 national parks and wildlife reserves.

14. Tribes
The northeastern part of India is known to be the world’s most culturally diverse region. The region is inhabited by more than 200 tribes, who boast of their indigenous and authentic traditions. Some of the most popular tribes are the Bodo tribe, Adi tribe, Nishi Tribe, Bhutia tribe, Garo tribe, Kuki tribe, and so on. The bodo tribe is considered as the heroic tribe of Northeast India. The Adi tribe is widely found living in the hills of Arunachal with their own village council. Another tribe of Arunachal in the Nishi Tribe who have originated from the Indo-Mongloid tribe. The major tribe of Nagaland is the Angami tribe. The Bhutia tribe is inhabitants of Sikkim believed to be migrated from Tibet. They are one of the most developed and cultured tribes of the region.

15. Tourism
The entire northeast region plays an indispensable role in the tourism sector of the country. Arunachal places host various places of worship and pilgrimage including the largest monastery in India. Assam is the central state of the northeastern region. It has a number of wildlife reserves and sanctuaries, Asia’s largest river island. Manipur hosts natural parks, natural lakes, war cemeteries, etc. Meghalaya is often referred to as the home of clouds with thickets surviving forests in its embrace, waterfalls, mountain ranges, beautiful lakes, and more. Mizoram’s rich bird diversity makes it an ideal place of bird watching along with other endemic species of animals. Sikkim is home to the world’s third-highest mountain, monasteries, waterfalls, etc. It is also a paradise for trek lovers.

20 Famous Foods in North East India

Northeast India is a paradise for food lovers. When we talk about the northeastern food, the first thing that comes to our mind is momo. But northeast is much more about just the momos. In fact, there are other dishes, which are much better in taste. Most of the special dishes of northeast are non-vegetarian. Hence, for non-veg people, northeast is the right place to explore the wide non-vegetarian cuisines.
What to Eat in North East India
Some of the popular dishes of northeast India are mentioned as under:

1. Khar, Assam
The Khar dish of Assam is the identity of the Assamese people. Every Assamese is a lover of this dish. Khar means ashes, and the main ingredient of the dish is banana ash, which is filtered in water and used in very less quantity. The other ingredients are raw papaya and pulses. All these ingredients are boiled in water till the papaya gets cooked. The taste of the dish is refreshing to the senses. In the end, the dish is served hot garnered with mustard oil. It is generally consumed with sticky or plain rice and is very healthy for the body.

2. Kimura Diya Hanhor Mangxo, Assam
Kumura is the Assamese name for Ash gourd. Haha means duck. Duck meat is the favorite dish of every Assamese household. It is tastier than most other meats. Duck meat cooked with ash gourd is a sumptuous delicacy one must not miss to try. It is generally prepared in high mustard oil content and spices. However, black pepper and crushed cardamom add an exotic flavor to the meal, making you hungry for more. This dish is a common preparation during festivities and special occasions. All non-vegetarians must try this dish when visiting the northeast.

3. Pitha, Assam
Pitha is the most popular snack in Assam. It is available in different forms and prepared with rice powder, known as Bora saul. It is both salty and sweet in taste depending on the choice. The round peethas are deep-fried in oil and prepared with salt or jaggery and consumed with tea in breakfast. Then there are the long peethas. The long peethas are prepared with rice powder roasted to the shape of a stick. They are stuffed with either black sesame seeds or ground coconut and sugar. They are also consumed with tea. These parathas are widely prepared during the Bihu festival. Then there are also peethas, which are prepared through steam inside hollow bamboos. If you are visiting the northeast, then you should not leave without trying these.

4. Fish Tenga, Assam
Assam is home to a wide species of fishes. Fishes of different sizes are consumed with great zeal. People catch fishes with their own nets from nearby lakes and ponds. People even have their own fisheries at their homes. Fish Tenga is a tangy fish dish. Tenga means sour. This tangy dish is prepared with big pieces of fishes and OuTenga, Outenga is the Assamese name for Elephant Apple, which adds the tangy flavor to the dish. Different spices are added according to taste. However, black mustards add earthly flavor to the dish. The fish is first fried in mustard oil and then cooked with Outenga gravy. It is consumed with white rice.

5. Sanpiau, Mizoram
One of the popular cuisines of Mizoram is the Sanpiau, which is a reflection of their rich culture. This popular snack is widely prepared in all Mizoram households and also sold as street food. The main ingredients of the cuisine are coriander paste, onion, black pepper, tangy fish sauce, and powdered rice. It is considered a very healthy snack. It is a vegetarian dish. However, sometimes egg Sanpiau is also prepared. The recipe is quite the same but is garnered with a scrambled egg.

6. Hawks Rep, Mizoram
This is a sumptuous meaty dish to drool upon. This is Mizoram’s special smoked pork dish that is so softly cooked that it seamlessly falls off the bones and melts in your mouth. This is a favorite dish of every Mizoram household that is prepared in times of special festivities. Though there are different ways of cooking pork, this one is quite unique. It makes use of earthly flavors, local herbs, and fresh green veggies and leaves. All the herbs and green leaves used in the dish are locally grown in the garden by the people.

7. Smoked Pork, Nagaland
Pork is consumed in huge numbers in the northeastern states. Smoked pork is a favorite of every pork lover. Though you can get smoked pork in different parts of the northeast, the Naga smoked pork is the one you should not miss to try. To prepare the dish pork slices are marinated with salt and spices and steamed in traditional ways. They are then stir-fried with bamboo shoots or piquant fermented soya bean or fermented yam leaves to bring out an unparalleled taste. Not much oil is used in its preparation, as the pork meat is already high in oil content. Only local herbs and spices are used in the preparation of smoke pork. The Raja Mircha or Bhoot Jolokia is used in its preparation. The Bhoot Jolokia is the spiciest chilly in the world. This dish is served hot with white rice.

8. Bamboo Steamed Fish, Nagaland
Bamboo steamed fish is a Naga style Steamed Fish, which is an authentic dish popularly found in all Naga households. This dish is very easy to prepare. The main ingredients are red dried chilly fresh pieces of fish, garlic, bamboo shoot juice, and salt. Unlike the traditional way of steaming, this dish is not steamed in normal utensils. It is in fact steamed inside bamboo made utensils. Hence, the dish is rich in rich and authentic subtle bamboo flavor. It is served hot with steamed rice.

9. Nga Atoiba Thongba, Manipur
Nga Atoiba Thongba is a disintegrated fish curry, which is a popular delicacy prepared in Manipuri households. It is a must have for all the non-vegetarians. This is a traditional dish of the Meitei tribe of Manipur. To prepare this dish, fish is cut into small sized pieces and mashed a bit. Other ingredients used in the dish are boiled potatoes, fresh bay leaves, onion, cumin, chillies, and chives.

10. Tromba, Manipur
Tromba is an ethnic dish of the Meitei community of Manipur. It is a healthy dish prepared with fermented fish. It has a strong pungent as the fish is fermented first. The other ingredients are mashed potatoes, green leaves, and red chilies. The dish is prepared with a very less quantity of oil. This dish is a lifeline of Manipuri cuisine is consumed as a side dish with the main course meal. It is also often consumed as a snack. Contrary to the pungent smell, the dish is mouth-watering in taste.

11. Jadot, Meghalaya
Jadot is a signature dish of Meghalaya. It is primarily an authentic delicacy of the Khasi tribe of Meghalaya. It is a luscious pork and rice dish, which is a must in every festivity and important ceremonies in a Khasi household. The other ingredients include onion, ginger, turmeric, salt, pepper, coriander, and bay leaves. It is prepared with very minimum oil. The appearance of the dish is similar to Biryani, however, the taste considerably varies. This dish is rich in aromatic flavor.

12. Tungtap, Meghalaya
Tungtap is a popular dish of Meghalaya. It is nothing but a dry fish chutney dish. Charred fish is mixed with onions, green and red chilies to bring out a spicy flavor in this delicacy. Small-sized fishes are charred or fermented to prepare this dish instead of big fish slices. Fishes are sundried for 3-4 days keeping in jute bags before mixing them with other ingredients. This dish is widely consumed by the Khasi and Jaintia tribes of Meghalaya. It is consumed as a pickle with main course cuisine. Besides being daily served on dinner tables, they are also available in local stores in packed form.

13. Gyathuk, Sikkim
Gyathuk is a Thukpa recipe from Sikkim also known as Noodle Soup in layman’s term. This popular dish from Sikkim is somewhat inspired by the Tibetan Thukpa dish. It is basically a boil delicacy that contains thick spaghetti noodles, boiled veggies, and slices of meat. Natural and refreshing homemade spices and herbs are added to bring out an authentic Tibetan flavor to the dish. This can also be prepared without meat northeast is a non-vegetarian dominated region. Hence, it is widely prepared with meat content. When visiting Sikkim, this dish is a must-try. It keeps your body warm in the chilling winter of the state.

14. Chikhvi, Tripura
Chikhvi is a sumptuous delicacy from Tripura to drool over. The main ingredients of the dish are bamboo shoots and pork. Pork meat is sliced in sleek pieces and cooked with stir-fried bamboo shoot. It is a perfect balance of spiciness and smokiness. The pork so perfectly cooked that there is a tinge of moisture in every bite. If you happen to set your feet in the state of Tripura, then you should not miss out on satiating your taste buds with a platter of Chikhvi. Only homemade herbs and locally grown spices are used in the preparation of the dish. Chikhvi is generally consumed with steam rice for lunch and dinner.

15. Zan, Arunachal Pradesh
Zan is one of the most popular dishes in Arunachal Pradesh. It is a porridge recipe prepared with millet flour and boiling water. It is an authentic dish of the Monpa tribe of the region. The state has a huge production of millets, maize, and wheat. Hence, most of the dishes are have these as main ingredients. The dish can be consumed with fresh veggies and boiled meat, which is mixed with the dish. It is considered as a healthy snack and consumed in breakfast or as an evening snack. It can be consumed with bread slices and tea. Locally grown organic herbs are also added to intensify the flavor.

16. Pukhlein — Meghalaya
Pukhlein is a traditional dish of Meghalaya, which is prepared with rice flour. Though it is found in other Indian states as well, it owes its origin to Meghalaya. The dish is popular for its palatable flavors. The prime ingredients are rice flour, cane sugar, and refined oil. First, the batter is prepared with rice flour and cane sugar and deep-fried in refined oil. The dish has a fluffy texture and lightweight. This is consumed as a snack in breakfast and evening with a cup of brewing tea. It is also prepared in times of festivities.

17. Masor Tenga — Assam
Massortenga is a tangy fish curry widely prepared in the state of Assam. There are different ways in which this dish is prepared. The fishes are locally captured from lakes and ponds. Small long fishes are used instead of big fish slices. The main ingredients besides fish are sundried tomatoes, lemon skins, and green chilies. As far as spices are concerned, only local herbs are used. Mainstream spices are not used in the preparation. The sundried tomatoes offer a tangy taste to the dish.

18. Sha Paley — Sikkim
This Sikkim delicacy is a Tibetan origin dish that is a true treat to the taste buds. It has all the favorite ingredients of a foodie soul i.e bread, meat, and oil. To prepare this delicacy, bread is stuffed with ground beef, onion, cabbage, chilies, and deep-fried in oil. The shape of the dish is similar to that of a dumpling. It is crispy on the outside and delicious in inside. Now different variations have been added to the cuisine to meet the demand of different tourists. For vegetarians, this dish is also prepared with tofu fillings instead of meat. Almost all cafes and restaurants in Sikkim serve this heavenly dish.

19. Mui Borok And Chuwarak — Tripura
Mui Borok is a traditional dish of Tripura. The main ingredient of the dish is Berma. Berma is a dry and fermented fish, which is the main ingredient of almost every dish of Tripura. This dish is cooked with local herbs and spices. No oil is used in its preparation, which is why it is the utmost healthy. Chuwarrak is the traditional alcoholic drink of Tripura, which is widely consumed in the state. It is prepared with Mami rice, pineapple, and jackfruit, which has an exotic taste. The MuiBorok is generally consumed with Chuwarak by its side.

15 Famous Festivals in North East India

Besides being a region of hills and mountains, the northeast is also a region with a rich cultural heritage. The people of northeast India are very much connected to their roots and culture. It is highly showcased in the festivals celebrated in the region. Though there are numerous important festivals in Northeast India, we have picked and highlighted some of the popular ones. So, here’s a list of 15 famous festivals celebrated in northeast India:

1. Bihu, Assam
Bihu is the most important festival of the people of Assam. There are three types of Bihu celebrated throughout the year, namely, Bhogali Bihu, Rongali Bihu, and Kati Bihu. Rongali Bihu is celebrated during April, which also marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year. It is the time of seeding and planting paddy crops. The first day of the Bihu is dedicated to cows, who are a vital part of agricultural activities. Bihu savories like peetha, ladu are prepared and people are invited at each others’ place to enjoy the same. Everyone dances on the tunes of Bihu, which is popularly known as Husori. Kati Bihu is celebrated in October during which the plantation is completed. It is a solemn occasion. Bhogali Bihu is celebrated in January during the end of the harvest season. Friends and family sit together to enjoy a sumptuous meal, bonfire, and dance around in the tunes of the Bihu song.

2. Moatsu Mong, Nagaland
Moatsu Mong Festival is the cultural festival of the state of Nagaland. It marks the end of the sowing and harvesting season. IT is held in the Mokokchungdistrict of Nagaland and celebrated by the Ao tribe. People gather in large numbers are indulge in group dancing and singing. Men perform the warrior dance and women sing together. Everyone dresses up in the best of their attires, prepare their local delicacies, brew wine/beer, and sit around a bonfire to indulge in feasting. The Moatsu Mong Festival is celebrated during the first week of May. It lasts for three days.

3. Lui-ngai-ni, Nagaland & Manipur
Yet another important festival of the state of Nagaland. It is celebrated by all the tribes of the states. It is also widely celebrated in the Naga occupied regions in the state of Manipur. It marks the beginning of the seed sowing season. People gather in great numbers with friends and family and perform their traditional dances with much zeal and enthusiasm. There are also rituals of lighting the fire and performing mantras to bless the seeds. Every household prepares their local delicacies and savories and enjoys the same together. The Lui-ngai-ni Festival is celebrated on 15th February every year.

4. Ambubachi Mela, Assam
The Ambubachi Mela of Assam is celebrated during the month of June. It is believed that Maa Kamakhya residing in Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati menstruates during this period. During this time, the Brahmputra river near the temple also turns red. The festival is held for four days in the premises of the Kamakhya Temple. The Temple remains closed for the first three days during menstruation and reopens the next day. Tantric Sadhus gather from different parts of the world to perform unique rituals, poojas, and exercises in this Mela. A huge flock of devotees gathers to seek blessings during the Mela. During the fourth day, the festival witnesses an immense number of devotees who gather to receive bits of a cloth that is believed to be soaked in the menstrual blood of Ma Kamakhya.

5. Saga Dawa, Sikkim
Saga Dawa is a popular Buddhist Festival celebrated in the northeastern state of Sikkim. Saga Dawa is the name given to the full moon that appears in the middle of a lunar month. This festival is celebrated during the lunar month of the Tibetan calendar, which falls between May and June. The Festival commemorates the entire life of Gautam Buddha right from his birth to death and his teachings and enlightments. People gather in huge numbers in monasteries to light incense sticks and offer water and dhog. They also turn Gompas, prayer wheels, read out religious texts, and chant mantras together. This is a way of offering their respect and prayers to Buddha.

6. Losar Festival, Arunachal Pradesh
Losar Festival marks the beginning of Tibetan New Year and widely celebrated in Arunachal Pradesh. It is celebrated by the Monpa, Khamba, Memba, Nah, and Sherdukpens tribes. It is a three days festival celebrated in February. On the first day of the festival, all the priests offer prayer to the highest priest called Palden Lhamo. People visit each others’ place to offer their best wishes. On the second day of the festival, kings and leaders are honored. On the third day, people offer prayers to the highest priest and tie prayer flags on their rooftops. The celebration continues for a longer period.

7. Hornbill Festival, Kohima Nagaland
The Hornbill Festival is an annual festival of Nagaland that is celebrated from 1st to 10th December. The festival is celebrated to celebrate the traditions, cultures, and festivals of all the festivals of tribes residing in Nagaland. The heritage of 16 important tribes is showcased in the festival. It is organized by the Government of Nagaland. The Festival plays a key role in promoting tourism in the state and attracts huge crowds from different parts across the globe. At the festival, people take part in cultural activities like dancing, singing, art and crafts like wood carvings, sculptures, paintings, games, sports, food fairs, and other ceremonies. Fashion shows, beauty pageants, archery, wrestling are also undertaken in large numbers.

8. Losoong Festival, Sikkim
Lossong is widely celebrated in the month of December to welcome the Sikkimese New Year. It also marks the celebration of the harvest period. This festival is celebrated by two tribes Bhutia and Lepchas. The Festival is celebrated by performing their traditional dances in a group like Cham Dance and Black Hat Dance in monasteries. Locally brewed wine is drunk by everyone and feasting is done with friends and family. Archery competitions are also organized.

9. Myoko Festival, Arunachal Pradesh
Myoko is a month long festival celebrated by the Apatani tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. It is celebrated on a rotational basis by three communities. The whole festival revolves around rituals relating to prosperity, purification, fertility performed by the priests. The celebration consists of cultural programs such as dance, songs, etc. As a part of the tradition, pigs are sacrificed. Before the sacrifice, the priests known as shamans recite sacred prayers and mantras and women sprinkle flour and rice beer on the pigs.

10. Torgya Festival, Arunachal Pradesh
Torgya Festival of Arunachal Pradesh is a three days long festival observed by the Monpa Tribe. As a part of the festival, the monks wearing costumes perform sacred dances in the courtyard of monasteries. It has high significance as the sacred dances are believed to ward off evil spirits and bring prosperity to professional and personal lives. The Festival is celebrated in late January every year in Tawang Monastery of Arunachal Pradesh.

11. Nongkrem Dance Festival, Meghalaya
The Nongkrem Dance Festival is a five day long dance festival widely celebrated by the Khasi tribe of Meghalaya. The Festival marks the end of the harvesting period and is celebrated as a thanksgiving occasion. The main attraction of the festival is a dance performance by young Khasi men and women and goat sacrifice. The traditional dance of Khasi Tribe, the “Nongkrem Dance” is performed by young women decked up in beautiful attires and ornaments. The got sacrifice ritual is known as “Pomblang”. The Festival takes place in November and celebrated in Spit, Meghalaya.

12. Mopin Festival, Arunachal Pradesh
The Mopin Festival marks the beginning of the harvest period in Arunachal Pradesh. It is widely celebrated by the Galo tribe and Goddess Morpin is being worshipped. She is regarded as the destroyer of evil spirits. The main highlight of the festival is the indigenous folk dance “Popir”, which is performed by young Galo women. Traditionally rice beer is prepared in every household and served to friends and family. The festival is celebrated in April every year and celebrations are held in East and West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh.

13. The Aoling Festival, Nagaland
The Aoling Festival marks the beginning of the spring season (harvesting season) and the new year of the Konyak tribe of Nagaland. The Konyak tribe was once known as deadly headhunters. During this festival, all the people of the tribe gather together and perform their traditional dances and songs. They all feast together with friends and family, consume local beer/wine and indulge in merry making. It is celebrated during the first week of April in Mon district of Nagaland.

14. Wangala Festival, Meghalaya
Wangala Festival is a harvest festival of the Garo tribe in Meghalaya. The festival marks the end of the harvesting and sowing season. The main highlight of the festival is the performance of their traditional dance forms along with the beating of drums and blowing horns. A total of 100 drums are being beaten together in the same tune. Handcrafts and handloom items are also showcased in exhibitions. Different competitions like dance competitions, slow cooking competitions are also held. It is held during the second week of November every year.

15. Ziro Music Festival
Ziro Music Festival is a grand music festival held in the Ziro valley of Arunachal Pradesh. This music festival has been making its name worldwide for all the right reasons. In this festival, top indie brands from across the world take part along with local artists. It is an eco-friendly festival wherein local recyclable materials are used for infrastructure. The festival is held in September every year.

30 Best Places to Visit in North East India

Northeast India is a paradise for every travel enthusiast. Blessed with diverse topography, the region allows ample opportunities for tourists to get in touch with nature’s marvelous creations. In this blog, we have listed down some of the best places in the northeast. Including these places in your itinerary will make your journey wholesome. Let us know about these places in brief:

1. Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is a national park located in the northeastern state of Assam. The wildlife sanctuary was created in the year 1904 and declared as a Forest Reserve in 1908, Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950, and National Park in 1972. The sanctuary is home to two-thirds of the world’s population of the great one-horned rhinoceroses. It is also home to the highest density of tigers in the world, which is why it has been declared as a tiger reserve in 2006. Besides, the park is also a domicile for wild water buffaloes, Swamp Deers, and elephants. Due to its unique natural environment, it was declared as a World Heritage Site in 1985.

2. Tawang Monastery
Tawang Monastery is located in the Tawang city of Arunachal Pradesh. It is the largest monastery in India and second largest monastery in the world. Situated in the valley of Tawang River on a hill with an elevation of 10000 feet, it is nothing less than a celestial paradise. The architecture of the monastery is sure to leave you spellbound. The entrance is shaped in the form of a hut, which is called Kakaling and decorated with mandalas on its roof. It is a three storeyed building surrounded by a 925 feet wall. It has a huge assemblu hall, 65 residential accommodations, a school, a Buddhist Cultural Studies center, a library, and a printing press.

3. Ziro Valley
Ziro Valley is located somewhere around 115 km from Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh. This mesmerizing picturesque town is located at an altitude of 1500 m above sea level. Blessed with rich paddy fields, and hills covered with Bamboo and Pine trees, the town has been attracting many tourists around the globe due to its serene beauty. It has also been shortlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town is mostly occupied by an indigenous tribal group of the region known as the Apatani tribe. The best time to visit Ziro is anytime except the months of Apr to June. Ziro Valley hosts the popular Ziro Music Festival every year in the month of September for four consecutive days. The Festival witnesses guests from different parts of the world and has been successfully making names worldwide.

4. Nathu La Pass
Nathu La Pass is a mountain pass towards 54km east of Gangtok in the northeastern state of Sikkim connecting it with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The pass is situated at a height of 4,310 m from sea level. It forms a part of the famous Silk Route between India and Tibet. Nathu la is a Tibetan phrase wherein Nathu means “listening ears” and La means “pass”. The pass was temporarily sealed by India after the 1962 Sino-Indian War and re-opened in 2006. It now serves as a trade route for limited trade for items like wool, silk, yak hair, yak tail, horses, sheep, etc between India and Tibet.

5. Siang River
Siang River and valley surrounding it is an attractive tourist spot in the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. Besides being a spot with a picturesque beauty, it offers numerous opportunities for indulging in adventurous activities like trekking, rafting, angling, etc. the valley is home to a raw naturally made hanging bride of cane and bamboo over the Siang river. This natural beauty is a unique scene to behold. The valley is situated in a small town named Pangin, which can be reached by road from Itanagar. Some other beautiful places to visit near the valley are Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary, Kekar Monying, Komsing, etc. the best time to visit the valley is from October to March.

6. Gorichen Peak
Gorichen Peak is the highest peak in Arunachal Pradesh at an elevation of 22500 feet. It is the right place for the adventurous souls. Situated in the Tawang District, it is one of the top attractions for trekking and camping. Once you reach the top of the peak, you will be left by the mesmerizing view of the city. It is considered as a sacred peak by the Monpa Tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. The best time to visit is during summers from Apr to June and winters from September. Regular cabs are available from Tawang to Gorichen Peak.

7. Nuranang Falls
Nuranang Falls is also popularly known as the Bong Bong Falls by the locals. Located in the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh, it origins from a height of 100 meters. The waterfall is not known to many travellers but once you visit you will realize that is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in northeast India. It also goes by the name Jang falls as it lies a few kilometers away from the town of Jang. Asmall hydroelectricity plant located near the base that generates electricity from the water for consumption by the locals. The waterfall fall originates from the slopes of Sela Pass and flows to the Tawang River. A famous song from the Bollywood movie was shot near the Nurarang Fall of Arunachal.

8. Cherrapunji
Cherrapunji, popularly known as Sohra, is often termed as the wettest place on earth located in the East Khasi Hills district of the northeastern state Meghalaya. It is the traditional capital of the Khasi tribal kingdom. It is termed as the wettest place because it receives the highest rainfall in a year. Cherrapunjee is home to the world’s only double decker living root bridge, the tallest plunge waterfall Nohkahlikai Falls, Mawsmai caves- the fourth longest caves in India and many other notable tourist places. If you arevisiting Meghalaya, a visit to Cherrapunji is a must. Many sharing cabs, government buses, and private cars run from Shillong to Cherrapunji.

9. Madhuri Lake
Yet another beauty in the Tawang district of Arunachal. It was formed in the year 1950 as a result of a flash flood after an earthquake. The lake was originally named as Shonga-tser Lake, which was renamed after the name Madhuri Dixit, the famous Bollywood actress. It was renamed after the shooting of the Bollywood movie starring Madhuri Dixit. The lake is surrounded by lush green valleys and snow covered mountains, which together create a breathtaking view for the eyes. The best time visit the lake is from April to October. Otherwise, it gets freezing cold. The lake can be reached via road or air. Road journeys generally commence from Guwahati, which takes about 14-16 hours. Helicopter services run from Guwahati to Tawang.

10. Sandakphu Peak
The Sandakphu peak situated at a height of 3665 is the highest peak in the Darjeeling district on the West Bengal – Nepal border. Located at the edge of the famous Singalila National Park, the summit of the peak is home to a small village with very less population. Once you reach the summit, you can have breathtaking views of thefourth highest peaks in the world, namely, the Everest, Kangchenjunga, Lhotse, and Makalu. To reach the peak, you can either choose a car journey or a trek. The trek to the beautiful peak starts from Manebhanjan, which is a trail of 51 km.

11. Phodong Monastery
Phodong Monastery is located around 28 kilometers from Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim. It was founded by the 9th Karampa Wangchuk Dorje when he was invited by the King of Sikkim. It is considered as one of the six most important monasteries of Sikkim. It is situated at an altitude of 4500 ft. It offers a breathtaking view of the valley and the mountains. The beautiful paintings and ancient murials make the monastery a beauty to behold. The monastery holds an annual festival on 28th and 29th of the tenth month as per the Tibetan calendar. During the festival, many religious rituals are taken place along with the traditional Chaam dance.

12. Dampa Tiger Reserve
Dampa Tiger Reserve is located in the northeast state of Mizoram. Located at an altitude of 800-1100 m, the Reserve is home to tropical forests, which serve as the best habitant diverse flora and fauna. Surrounded with steep hills, beautiful valleys, streams, ripping salts, the reserve boasts of a unique topography. The sanctuary was initially established in 1985 and was declared as a tiger reserve in the year 1994. Due to its remote location, the reserve is not easily accessible. It can be reached through a trek amidst the dense forest.

13. Dzongri
Dzongri is a trekking spot at an altitude of 4000 m in West Sikkim. The trail to the peak is filled with rhododendron forests and snow capped hills. It is considered as the meeting place of man and mountain gods. The best time to visit is from March to Apr and Sept-Oct. All the arrangements for the trek can be availed from a small nearby village named Yuksom. The trek starts from Kanchenjunga National Park. The trek takes around 5 days.

14. Assam
The state of Assam several notable destinations for its visitors. Covering an area of 78,438 km2, the state is considered as the gateway to northeast India. Assam is home to a plethora of tourist destinations. Be it pilgrimage sites or national parks, waterfalls or mountain peaks, river islands or lakes, Assam has it all. The state is known for the holy Kamakhya Dham, Manas National Park, Haflong Lake, rich tea gardens and more. Assam also has a rich culture formed by a unique combination of many erstwhile ethno-cultural groups residing in the region.

15. Majuli Islands
Majuli is the world’s largest river island situated in the Majuli district of Assam. Majuli is home to natural splendors and rich cultural heritage. The island is home to the indigenous tribal communities of Assam namely, Deori, Missings, Kachari and more. What makes one stand enthralled when setting his/her feet on the island is the rustic countryside feel, fields with lush rice cultivation, beautiful wooden boats and the pristine stream of water bodies. It is also the home for the Assamese Vaishnav culture. To reach Majuli, one must first travel to Jorhat by Air, train or road. From Jorhat, ferries are available that reach in about 1 hour. The best time to visit is from Oct to Feb.

16. Nohkalikai Falls
It is the tallest plunge waterfall in India situated at an altitude of 1115 feet near Cherrapunji, Meghalaya. The ideal time to visit is during monsoon when the fall is at its best due to heavy rainfall. The beauty of the falls can be enjoyed from a viewing gallery beautifully designed for the visitors. There are also a few shops and restaurants to collect your souvenirs and eat a few snacks. The waterfall has a very tragic history behind its name. It is said that a lady named Ka Likai jumped from the fall when she realized that her husband killed her infant daughter from her first marriage out of jealousy.

17. Tsomgo Lake
Tsomgo Lake, also known by the name Changu lake, is a beautiful glacial lake situated at an altitude of 3753m in Sikkim. The most unique thing about this lake is that its surface reflects colors during different seasons. The lake is covered by steep mountains, which are mostly covered in snow during winters. As the mountains are the source of water for the lake, it remains frozen during winters. The same snow melts in summer and the lake comes alive. The lake is held in great reverence by the local people and the water is believed to have healing qualities.

18. Goechala
Goechala is a trekking destination in Sikkim. The whole trekking trail is surrounded by grand mountains, hills, and rhododendron forests. It provides a breathtaking view of 15 big summits. The rhododendron forest blooms into pink and red flowers during the spring season. Situated in the trail is a lake named Samiti Lake. The stills waters of the lake providing a reflection of the adjacent mountains make it a striking view.

19. Umiam Lake
Umiam lake, also known as Barapani Lake, is situated in Shillong, Meghalaya. The lake was created by damming the Umiam River. Besides being a notable tourist spot, it is a popular spot for water activities and adventurous facilities like kayaking, boating, water cycling, etc. Surrounded by sylvan hills and lush vegetation of Khasi pines, the lake is just a few hours ride from the city of Guwahati.

20. Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek
Kanchenjunga base camp trek is in the bucket list of every trekker. Lies in its embrace is a wide range of mesmerizingsceneries, tropical forests of oak, chestnut, rhododendron that offers a — experience throughout the whole trek. Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain peak in the world and there are a total of five peaks within its range. Kanchenjunga is considered as a sacred mountain by the locals. To reach the base camp, you must first fly to Baghdogra or reach NJP by train and then drive all the way to Yuksom crossing the beautiful Teesta river. The trek starts from Yuksom and also offers camping and sightseeing opportunities at the peak including a view of the impressive Kanchenjunga Glacier. Trekking to Kanchenjunga peak requires good physical condition and trekking experience as the trail is full of steep hills and mountains. The whole trek takes around 26 days to complete.

21. Dimapur
Dimapur is the gateway to the northeastern state of Nagaland. Dimapur is a Naga term meaning “city near a great river”. Dimapur is a city on the side of which flows the Dhansiri River. The city is occupied mainly by the Kachari tribe of the state, which was one’s known as the capital of the Kachari tribe. When we talk about it as a tourist place, it has in store ancient monuments, temples, parks, and picturesque scenarios. The main attraction in the city is the Rangapahar Reserve forest, which is home to a diverse range of flora with medicinal properties and various species of endangered animals. Other notable tourist spots include Ao Baptist Church, Diezephe Craft Village, Zoological Park, Nagaland Science Centre, Green Park, etc. The city is also considered as a commercial hub and has varieties of shopping spots. Nagaland tourism has done a great job in preserving the sanctity of every notable spot and keeping its beauty alive. To reach the city, one can catch a train or flight to Dimapur as it has both a working airport and a railway station.

22. Dzuko Valley
Dzuko Valley is located in the borders of Nagaland and Manipur. Situated at an altitude of 2452 m from sea level, Dzuko valley is blessed with nature’s marvelous creation of glorious mountains and seasonal flowers. Amidst all seasonal flower, the one that is world famous is the Dzuko Lily. The summer season gives you an opportunity to witness the bright flowers whereas the winters offer the opportunity to witness snowfall. In 2019, the valley witnessed heavy rainfall after 37 years. It is mainly a paradise for the trek lovers. There are two ways to reach the valley, one from Manipur and one from Nagaland. The most picked is Nagaland as Manipur lacks the basic amenities required for the trek. The roads are mainly in poor condition. From Nagaland, the valley can be reached from two towns, namely, Jakhama and Viswema. Both the towns are within 30 km from Kohima, the capital of Nagaland. To reach Kohima, one can first reach Dimapur by Air or train and drive to Kohima, which takes about 3 hours. From Kohima, sharing taxis are easily available to Viswema and Jakhama.

23. Loktak Lake
Loktak Lake is the largest lake in the northeast situated in a small town named Moirang in Manipur. The lake is popular for phumdis (series of floating islands) floating on the surface. It is the only floating lake in the world. The lake serves as an important source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation facilities and drinking water supply in Manipur. Fishermen living on the phumdis in floating huts is a unique sight to behold. There is a floating park located on the lake, which is yet again the only floating park in the world. The park goes by the name Keibul Lamjao National Park. The park is home to “Sangai”, the dancing Deer of Manipur. Other wildlife habitation includes Otter, migratory birds, water fowls, etc.

24. Mawlynnong Village
Mawlynnong is the cleanest village in Asia, which is located in the northeastern state of Meghalaya. Besides being the cleanest village, it is popular for the beautiful tourist spots, mouthwatering savories and the hospitality of the local tribe. Among the tourist spots, the best ones are the living root bridge and Sky View point. The village is also popular for its 100 percent literacy rate. When visiting the northeast, a night stay in the peaceful village is a must-add in your schedule.

25. Gangtok
Gangtok is the capital of the northeastern state Sikkim. It is considered as an important Buddhist pilgrimage site due to the Enchey Monastery. The city is known for its alluring mountains and hills and breathtaking view of the Kanchenjunga. It also serves as a base for trekking activities to the Himalayas. It also successfully adds its name in the list of top hill stations of the country. Gangtok is home to various natural beauties ranging from waterfalls to lakes to gardens and more. The Teesta river serves as an ideal spot for water rafting.

26. Singalila National Park, Darjeeling
Singalila National Park is situated at an altitude of around 7000 feet in Darjeeling. Initially established as a wildlife sanctuary, it got declared as a National Park in 1992. It is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. It offers its visitors with a spectacular view of Everest and Kanchenjuna. The National Park is a part of the trekking route to Sandakphu and Phalut. Both Sandakphu and Phalut are the highest ranges of the Singalila range.

27. Double Decker Living Root Bridge
The Double Decker Living Root Bridge in Nongriat, Meghalaya is a wonderful creation of nature. Though a lot of credit has to be given to the Khasi tribe of the region too for training the roots to grow in the form of a bridge. This root bridge is a 3km long bridge above the Umshiang river beginning from the Tyrna village. It stands at a height of 2400 feet, which requires tremendous physical conditions to reach. The bridge also is popularly known by the name Umshiang bridge.

28. Kamakhya Temple
The holy Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati is dedicated to Goddess Kamakhya. It is an important Hindu pilgrimage destination. In the Kamakhya Temple, the menstruation ability of women is revered as the ability of a woman to conceive as contrary to how the country considers it as a social taboo. Kamakhya Devi is also revered as the Bleeding Goddess. Every year during the month of June, the Brahmaputra River near Kamakhya turns red. It is highly believed that Ma Kamakhya bleeds during that period.

29. Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh town is located in the upper region of the state of Assam. There are various notable tourist destinations in the town, which make it a desirable and must visit place in the northeast. It is home to the popular Dehin Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary, which is known as the Amazon of the east. It is the only rain forest in Assam, which is home 293 bird species, 30 different species of butterflies and around 47 different species of reptiles and mammals. It is also home to 9km long river bridge “Bhupen Hazarika Setu” built over the Lohit River, which is the longest in the country. The Shree Jagannath Temple in Dibrugarh is a small replica of the Jagannath Temple in Puri dedicated to Lord Jagannath. Some of the best tea gardens in the northeast are located in Dibrugarh.

30. Imphal Valley
Imphal is the capital city of Manipur. Imphal is a small city but is quite developed. It is home many tourist attractions making it a desirable tourist destination. The Kangla Fort is a popular fort in Imphal consisting of many temples in its premises. It is also known as the Palace of King Pakhangba. Another famous fort named “Bihu Loukon” made up of mud is located in Maklnag, Imphal. The India Peace Memorial Red Hill is located towards the south of Imphal city. The place served as the battle place during World War II. It can be reached by Air from Kolkata and Guwahati. The closest railway station is Dimapur. Bus services run from Kohima, Dimapur, and Guwahati.

15 Best Things to Buy in North East India

You cannot live a place without buying a few souvenirs. They stand as a reminder of the place. If you are visiting northeast India, some of the things that you can buy are as under:

1. Assam Silk Clothes
Assam silk is exclusively produced in Assam. It is also known by the name Paat, Muga, Eri Silk. The Assam silk is the identity of Assam’s tradition. It is used to weave the famous traditional cloth mekhela sador of Assam. It is also used to weave men’s shirts and other clothes. Men can prefer to buy a shirt made of Muga silk as a souvenir. You can also buy scarfs or hats made from the Assam silk. The traditional cloth of Assam- the Gamusa can also be purchased as a souvenir of the place. The Gamusa pattern shirts of men are very popular ethnic wear.

2. Naga Shawl
Naga shawls are handmade shawls with colorful patterns (mainly of animal prints) weaved by Naga people from Nagaland. People from Nagaland have a rich tradition of clothing and weaving, and the Naga shawl is an important part of the same. If history is to be believed, these shawls were only allowed to be worn by the bravest of men. Anyone wearing the same without proper authority is liable to penalties. Though that is not the case now. Different types of Naga shawl are available in various shops and stores with each depicting different cultures and traditions. They are mainly available in a combination of black, red and white hues. One unique feature of these shawls is that three pieces are woven individually and stitched together to make a Naga shawl. It also helps you keep warm in cold weather.

3. Naga Jewelry
Most tribes in the northeast region are popular for their jewelry making skills. The handmade Naga jewelries are something you should buy from this region. Unlike other jewelries, these jewelries are embellished with materials like animal horns, nails, teeth, etc. These colorful and unique pieces of jeweleries can be beautifully paired with your outfits. They can also be great picks for gifting to your loved ones.

4. Masks From Majuli Island
The largest river island in Assam boasts of rich culture and heritage. One of the main artifacts of the people of Majuli is the hand-made mask. In Majuli, there are several mask-making satras (instructional centers), where Bhakats (priests in Assam are termed as Bhakats) make masks of mythological characters. The materials used in making these masks are bamboo, clay, and clothes. These masks are a must buy for art and antique lovers. You can also decorate your homes with these.

5. Bamboo Artefacts And Souvenir
Bamboo trees are widely found in the northeastern region, as they are cultivated on a large scale. People of all the northeastern states are good at carving bamboo products. You can choose from a wide array of products like bags, lamps, vase, baskets, and other artifacts. What makes these bamboo products special is the perfect handwork and finishing. You can also choose to buy ugha, sereki, jotor, jakoi, khaloimade of bamboo, which are household items widely used in the region.

6. Organic tea
The state of Assam is a paradise for tea lovers. The upper part of the state has a huge number of tea estates with rich aromatic tea plantation. The types of tea available in the region are black tea, green tea, purple tea, golden tea and many more. Assam tea is popular worldwide and is the only region where tea is grown in plain areas. A visit to the tea estates of Assam can also lend you the opportunity to indulge in a tea tasting spree. The taste and aroma of the tea leaves of Assam are nowhere to be found. If you do not pick up different variants of tea leaves from the region, then it will be a great mistake. You can get yourself packed some freshly picked tea loves to enjoy while sitting at home reminiscing your beautiful days in the region.

7. Mekhela Chador
Mekhela Chador is the traditional cloth for females in the state of Assam. Mekhela Chador comes with three dress materials, a skirt type garment, a blouse, and a chador. The chador is tucked in the skirt and worn over the shoulder like a saree. A mekhela Chador is a must buy from Assam. One can go for the simple “Bua chador”, which is not very expensive and weaved with simple silk namely Ludhiana paat, noni paat, ghisa paat, toss muga, etc. Paat muga is a bit expensive but totally worth every penny. They are available in different colors and undoubtedly one of the most beautiful attires found in the country.

8. Longpi Hamlei Pottery
In the scenic state of Manipur, which is also termed as the “Jewel of India”, there is a small village named Longpi. The village is making its name worldwide with its unique black stone pottery, which is also known as “Longpi Hamlei pottery”. The pottery is done with the help of moulds, tools, and hands.No pottery wheel or any other equipment is used. They are 100% eco-friendly as they are made with natural stone and hilly clay. You should definitely try to pick some Longpi Hamlei utensils to cook your sumptuous food at home. They are lightweight, durable and can be easily put in microwave or gas because of black stone.

9. Jaapi Hat
The Jaapi or Japi, also known as Khomfri (in Bodo language), is a conical shaped hat traditional hat of Assam. The hat weaved with bamboo or/and cane and tokou paat. Tokou paat is a large palm leaf that goes by the scientific name Trachycarpus martianus found in the hilly regions of the northeast. They generally come in red and black combination with a thick border of red. In the past, plain jaapis were worn as a protection from the sun. However, ornate and beautifully decorated jaapis were worn as a symbol of status by the wealthy Assamese people. Gradually, the Jaapi won the status of being the identity of Assam. They are offered as a sign of respect to elders, or as a sign of felicitation to esteemed guests in ceremonies, worn in Bihu festival and also hung around on the walls of northeastern people, especially Assamese people. You can buy a Jaapi from Assam to use it as a decorative item for your house.

10. Kauna Mat
Kauna is a type of reed or rush, which is cultivated in the wetlands of the Imphal valley in Manipur. It has a very soft and spongy stem, which is used to weave mats and cushions. These mats are used for sitting in rituals, temples and other holy ceremonies. People also use them for domestic purposes for sitting and sleeping at home. A Kauna mat can be a great buy from the northeast, which nowhere else found. They can be used at your home to sit or lie in your leisure time. They can also be used as exercise mats. You can also use them outside for picnics, as they are not very heavy to carry.

11. Meghum Khoks Basket
The state of Meghalaya is known for its amazing bamboo handicrafts. Meghum khok is an artistic basket weaved by the hilly tribes of the region, which is used to store valuable items. These baskets truly have an artistic essence, which is hard to find in other bamboo made baskets. One of such baskets can be very useful for you to carry items or place as a decorative item at your home.

12. Risa And Riha Handloom Fabrics
Risa & Riha are two popular handwoven fabrics of Tripura state. These fabrics are popular for the elegant designs, lasting texture, and bold hues. Handloom is one of the main industries of all the northeastern states and so of Tripura’s, where people from both rural and semi-urban areas are engaged in this task. Both these fabrics are an important part of the culture of the tribal community. These fabrics are great for stitching different types of wearables like scarfs, shawls, skirts, etc. With this, you not only will be having something good as a souvenir but will also be contributing to the economic development of the rural people.

13. Nungbi Pottery Of Manipur
This art lies with the people of Nungbi village of Manipur. It is mainly done by the Tangkhul tribe who has successfully made its name outside the state as well. The special technique is believed to be inherited from the Neolithic Period, which makes use of clay and black rock as the main ingredients. The products are crafted without a potter wheel. You can buy cookers, pots, cups and many more. Cooking in these utensils makes your food tasty besides keeping its nutrients intact.

14. Bell Metal Craft From Sarthebari, Assam
Sarthebari, Assam is home to the bell metal industry. It is the second-largest handicraft of the state. Bell metal is an alloy made with tin and copper. Utensils made of bell metal are of great value in the region, which are used for domestic as well as religious purposes. They are still carved and made with ageold method of burning and shaping the metal. It is also considered that consuming food from such utensils is healthy for the body. You can buy plates, spoons, pots, bowls or glass made from bell metal.

15. Best Quality Of Wool From Sikkim
The state of Sikkim is home for the top qualities of pure sheep wool. It has a huge population of sheep, which owes to the high quality wool production.Wool production is an important part of the industry of Sikkim. Different varieties of wool are available at very attractive rates. You can choose to buy the best quality wool from the region. It feels ultra soft to the skin and at the same time keeps your body warm in winters.The state of Sikkim is home for the top qualities of pure sheep wool. It has a huge population of sheep, which owes to the high quality wool production.Wool production is an important part of the industry of Sikkim. Different varieties of wool are available at very attractive rates. You can choose to buy the best quality wool from the region. It feels ultra soft to the skin and at the same time keeps your body warm in winters.

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